In its first mission of 2021, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully launched the Brazilian Amazonia-1 satellite along with 18 other co-passenger satellites through PSLV-C51 on Sunday (February 28, 2021) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. It was launch as per the tentative schedule at 10:24 AM.
The 637-kg Amazonia-1, which is the first Brazilian satellite to be launched from India, is the optical earth observation satellite of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE).
“This satellite would further strengthen the existing structure by providing remote sensing data to users for monitoring deforestation in the Amazon region and analysis of diversified agriculture across the Brazilian territory,” ISRO chief K Sivan said.
As per the report IANS, the rocket will put the 19 satellites into Sun Synchronous Orbit over a duration of 1 hour, 55 minutes, and 7 seconds. During its flight, the rocket’s fourth stage engine will be cut off and restarted a couple of times, the first one will be at 16 minutes into its flight. 17 minutes into its flight the rocket will sling the Brazilian satellite Amazonia-1.
Just over one hour into its flight the rocket`s engine will be restarted for about 9 seconds before it is shut down again. After one hour, 49 minutes, & 52 seconds the rocket’s engine will be reignited for 8 seconds after which the 18 piggyback satellites will be put into orbit.
PSLV-C51/Amazonia-1 is the first dedicated commercial mission of NewSpace India Limited (NSIL), a Government of India company under the Department of Space. The NSIL is undertaking this mission under a commercial arrangement with Spaceflight Inc USA.
The Amazonia-1 is the optical earth observation satellite of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE).
A picture of PM Narendra Modi has been engraved on the top panel of this spacecraft to show “solidarity & gratitude for his (PM’s) Aatmanirbhar initiative and space privatization”, said SKI, which is also sending up “Bhagavad Gita” in SD (secured digital) card.
The 18 co-passenger satellites include 4 from IN-SPACe (3 UNITYsats from a consortium of three Indian academic institutes and 1 Satish Dhawan Sat from Space Kidz India) and 14 from NSIL.