Researchers from the University of Western Australia (UWA) and The International Center for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR) set a world record for the most steady transmission of a laser signal through the atmosphere, ICRAR reports in an official statement.
In a study published in the journal Nature Communications, the group behind the world record depicts how they combined “phase stabilization” technology with advanced self-guiding optical terminals.
The scientists state their laser will permit science, for example, Einstein’s theory of general relativity to be tested more accurately than ever before.
The combination of “phase stabilization” technology and advanced self-guiding optical terminals permits laser signals to be sent from one point to another without interference from the atmosphere.
“We can correct for atmospheric turbulence in 3D, that is, left-right, up-down, and, critically, along the line of flight,” explains lead author Benjamin Dix-Matthews, a Ph.D. student at ICRAR and UWA.
“It’s as if the moving atmosphere has been removed and doesn’t exist. It allows us to send highly-stable laser signals through the atmosphere while retaining the quality of the original signal,” he continued.
The researchers say their laser gives the most precise method on Earth for comparing the flow of time between two separate locations using a laser system transmitted through the atmosphere.
ICRAR-UWA senior researcher Dr. Sascha Schediwy highlights the laser’s exciting applications:
“If you have one of these optical terminals on the ground and another on a satellite in space, then you can start to explore fundamental physics,” he explains.
“Everything from testing Einstein’s theory of general relativity more precisely than ever before, to discovering if fundamental physical constants change over time.”
The laser also has many potential Earth applications such as improving optical communications or improving satellite-based studies of Earth.
“Our technology could help us increase the data rate from satellites to ground by orders of magnitude,” Dr. Schediwy says.
The technology was originally developed in order to synchronize incoming signals for the Sq. Km Array telescopes, multi-billion-dollar telescopes set to be built in Western Australia and South Africa.